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NCJ Number: 148674 Find in a Library
Title: Opening Address (From National Conference on Juvenile Justice, P 7-13, 1993, Lynn Atkinson and Sally-Anne Gerull, eds. -- See NCJ-148673)
Author(s): M Tate
Date Published: 1993
Page Count: 7
Sponsoring Agency: Australian Institute of Criminology
Canberra ACT, 2601, Australia
Sale Source: Australian Institute of Criminology
GPO Box 2944
Canberra ACT, 2601,
Australia
Type: Presentation
Language: English
Country: Australia
Annotation: This address reviews Australia's efforts to reduce child abuse as a delinquency factor and prevent juvenile crime through other means; Western Australia's juvenile justice legislation is also assessed.
Abstract: The first part of this address by the Commonwealth's Minister responsible for the Australian Federal Police and Federal sentencing summarizes the Commonwealth's efforts to divert juvenile offenders from formal juvenile justice processing and particularly from institutionalization. These efforts include 1982 amendments to the Commonwealth Crimes Act that restrict judges' use of imprisonment as a sentencing option. The next section reviews Australia's programs designed to reduce child abuse as a factor in the cultivation of aggression and violence in those abused. Efforts include parenting-skills programs in every State and the development of youth services for young victims of violence. The section on juvenile delinquency prevention programs summarizes a number of model programs. They include a community support scheme, family support and mentors for youth involved in the inhaling of solvents, work skills training, and the use of informal community conferences to resolve conflicts between youth and their victims. The assessment of Western Australia's juvenile justice legislation focuses on the ways it apparently violates the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child. 6 references
Main Term(s): Juveniles
Index Term(s): Child abuse as delinquency factor; Child victims; Foreign juvenile justice systems; Foreign laws; Juvenile delinquency prevention
Note: From proceedings of the National Conference on Juvenile Justice, held in Adelaide, Australia, September 22-24, 1992.
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http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=148674

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