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NCJ Number: 148688 Find in a Library
Title: Young People, Community Space and Social Control (From National Conference on Juvenile Justice, P 189-202, 1993, Lynn Atkinson and Sally-Anne Gerull, eds. -- See NCJ-148673)
Author(s): R White
Date Published: 1993
Page Count: 14
Sponsoring Agency: Australian Institute of Criminology
Canberra ACT, 2601, Australia
Sale Source: Australian Institute of Criminology
GPO Box 2944
Canberra ACT, 2601,
Type: Legislation/Policy Analysis
Language: English
Country: Australia
Annotation: This paper argues that the social effects of depressed economic conditions, combined with the further intrusion of commercial relations into the sphere of general community spaces, leads to conflict between the police and juveniles over the use of public spaces such as the streets and malls.
Abstract: The increased regulation, monitoring, surveillance, and regimentation of "public space" is not going to solve the problem of either "street crime" by juveniles or of negative police-youth relationships (linked to lack of "consumer" status on the part of some juveniles). Politically, the expanded use of public order offenses by local and State governments as a means to control street life will exacerbate the tensions and conflicts already evident in most urban centers. Similarly, attempts to push juveniles out of formerly "public spaces" by redefining this space according to commercial, consumeristic criteria directly challenges the needs and desires of juveniles to assert their autonomy and to congregate with their peers in places outside of close adult or state control. The roots of juvenile crime are rampant youth unemployment, poverty, and inequality. Attempts to limit the visibility of juveniles in groups or gangs will only aggravate their frustration and rebelliousness. Without income and space of their own, without social respect and personal self-esteem, juveniles have nothing to lose in rebelling in whatever fashion or manner they may choose against a system that oppresses them while ignoring policies and services that could improve their lives. 33 references
Main Term(s): Juveniles
Index Term(s): Foreign crime prevention; Juvenile delinquency factors; Juvenile delinquency prevention; Police; Police juvenile relations
Note: From proceedings of the National Conference on Juvenile Justice, held in Adelaide, Australia, September 22-24, 1992.
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