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NCJ Number: 148691 Find in a Library
Title: Policing Juveniles: An Overseas and Western Australian Perspective (From National Conference on Juvenile Justice, P 233-239, 1993, Lynn Atkinson and Sally-Anne Gerull, eds. -- See NCJ-148673)
Author(s): R C Kucera
Date Published: 1993
Page Count: 7
Sponsoring Agency: Australian Institute of Criminology
Canberra ACT, 2601, Australia
Sale Source: Australian Institute of Criminology
GPO Box 2944
Canberra ACT, 2601,
Type: Issue Overview
Language: English
Country: Australia
Annotation: Based on the author's own field work, this study compares the policing of juveniles in the United States, Canada, France, the United Kingdom, and Western Australia.
Abstract: Western Australia tends to deal with most juvenile offenders similarly, that is, through a punitive court system. In the United States, the United Kingdom, Canada, and France, juvenile justice systems have a series of filters, or "gateways," which recognize that juveniles must be managed in a variety of ways based on their characteristics and needs. At gateway 1, police and parents are the gatekeepers. They work with the victims and families. Parents take responsibility where appropriate, with police help. Gateway 2 is for that child who repeats problem behaviors or is exhibiting problems that need additional intervention. In this case, the gatekeepers are the police, parents, and support agencies where appropriate. These first two gateways are designed for use by the police in conjunction with the parents and the community. Gateway 3 is the court or pre-court programs operated by the courts or a multiagency team. Not only is support offered but sanctions can be and are applied. This gateway is for juveniles who have not profited from intervention at the first two gateways. Gateway 4 is the compulsory use of the court system because of the seriousness of the offense or the nature of the offender. The series of gateways prevents the wholesale use of expensive formal and largely ineffective court systems, when in most cases police- initiated, community-supported options will have a quicker, more effective, and less expensive response. 3 references
Main Term(s): Juveniles
Index Term(s): Australia; Canada; Comparative analysis; Foreign police; France; Police; Police juvenile relations; Police youth units; United Kingdom (UK); United States of America
Note: From proceedings of the National Conference on Juvenile Justice, held in Adelaide, Australia, September 22-24, 1992.
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