skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 148716 Find in a Library
Title: Terminal Ballistics of the 9mm with Action Safety Bullet or Blitz-Action Trauma (BAT) Ammunition
Journal: Journal of Forensic Sciences  Volume:39  Issue:3  Dated:(May 1994)  Pages:612-623
Author(s): P E Lantz; R S Stone; D Broudy; T M Morgan
Date Published: 1994
Page Count: 12
Type: Report (Technical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: The wound ballistics caused by the 9mm with Action Safety bullet highlights the unusual entrance wound and wounding capacity of this novel ammunition.
Abstract: Understanding of atypical wounds is important, because specialty ammunition creating atypical gunshot wounds of entrance can create confusion and may be misinterpreted by pathologists unfamiliar with the terminal ballistics of these projectiles. Manufactured by Geco division of Dunamit Nobel, the 9mm with Action Safety bullet consists of a nonjacketed solid copper alloy bullet body without a conventional lead core. The large deformation well and part of the smaller central channel is filled with a hard plastic core and post that crates a round-nose bullet. The internal ballistics and unique design allow the plastic nose cap and post to separate from the copper alloy base while still in the barrel. The radiolucent nose cap leaves the bullet's path but can still penetrate tissue giving the appearance of a separate but smaller entrance wound. The sharp leading edge of the deformation well and relative high velocity of the bullet body creates a punched-out entrance wound with minimal marginal abrasion. When the plastic nose cap or fragments of the plastic post impact the person, test firings may allow an inference regarding the distance between the muzzle and the target even in the absence of soot deposition or stippling. Photographs, figures, table, and 24 references (Author abstract modified)
Main Term(s): Science and Technology
Index Term(s): Ammunition; Ballistics; Bullet hole identification; Gunshot residue; Injury investigations
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.