skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 148738 Find in a Library
Title: Occupational Stress for Correctional Personnel, Part I
Journal: American Jails  Dated:(September/October 1993)  Pages:15-20
Author(s): L Woodruff
Date Published: 1993
Page Count: 6
Type: Literature Review
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This literature review examines the nature of stress in general, common stressors for correctional officers, stress reactions, and "burnout."
Abstract: The most popular definition of "stress" is "a complex interaction between an individual and the environment" that causes some response of the body (either emotional, phsyical, or both) in accordance with an individual attribute. Stress thus involves a stressor (environmental stimulus), a stress reaction (uncomfortable bodily changes and feelings), and individual characteristics. Occupational stressors are related to the job itself and to conditions associated with the organization's structure, climate, management style, and information flow. In the case of correctional officers, job-related stressors may include inmate defiance and games, maintenance of inmate discipline, compliance with inmates' rights, overcrowded conditions, and the confinement of the jail or prison environment. Stressors associated with organizational structure and administration include lack of participation in decisionmaking, lack of positive recognition, lack of administrative support, role conflict and ambiguity, and supervisory behaviors. Considerable research indicates that occupational stress may be an important cause of the typically short lifespan and the abnormally high marital and medical problems among correctional personnel. Research also links stress to decreased productivity, decreased job satisfaction, burnout, and decreased organizational commitment. References are included in Part II in the next issue.
Main Term(s): Corrections occupational stress
Index Term(s): Burnout syndrome; Correctional officer stress
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.