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NCJ Number: 148756 Find in a Library
Title: Prison Education and Offender Behavior: A Review of the Scientific Literature
Author(s): J Gerber; E J Fritsch
Date Published: 1993
Page Count: 22
Sponsoring Agency: Sam Houston State University
Huntsville, TX 77340
Texas Dept of Criminal Justice
Austin, TX 78711
Sale Source: Sam Houston State University
Criminal Justice Ctr
Huntsville, TX 77340
United States of America
Type: Literature Review
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This paper provides an overview of the literature evaluating the outcomes of academic and vocational adult correctional education programs, based on a search of relevant databases and contacts with Federal, State, and private agencies and organizations for references and information.
Abstract: The review focused mainly on studies reporting empirical data, using control groups, controlling statistically for background differences if participants were not assigned randomly to control and experimental groups, and testing for statistical significance. The analysis considered the following outcomes: recidivism rates, enrollment in educational programs upon release from incarceration, and disciplinary problems while incarcerated. Results revealed a fair amount of support for the hypotheses that adult academic and vocational correctional education programs lead to fewer disciplinary violations during incarceration, reductions in recidivism, increases in employment opportunities, and increases in participation in education upon release. Several specific factors were identified that explain why some programs are more successful than others in achieving their stated goals. Tables, footnotes, list of studies not discussed in this review, and 72 references
Main Term(s): Corrections effectiveness
Index Term(s): Criminology; Inmate academic education; Inmate vocational training; Services effectiveness
Note: Prison Education Research Project: Report 1
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