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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 148822 Find in a Library
Title: Local Police Departments, 1993
Series: OJJDP Youth Development Series
Author(s): B. A. Reaves
Corporate Author: Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS)
US Dept of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Date Published: 1996
Page Count: 25
Sponsoring Agency: Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS)
Washington, DC 20531
Justice Statistics Clearinghouse/NCJRS
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Sale Source: NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America

Justice Statistics Clearinghouse/NCJRS
P.O. Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Document: Agency Summary|PDF|Text
Agency Summary: 
Type: Statistics
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: In 1993, the Bureau of Justice Assistance surveyed a nationally representative sample of the more than 17,000 State and local law enforcement agencies as part of its Law Enforcement Management and Administrative Statistics Program.
Abstract: The survey found that local police departments had an estimated 474,072 full-time employees as of June 30, 1993, 3 percent more than in 1990. This total reflected 373,554 sworn personnel, including approximately 230,000 uniformed police officers whose regularly assigned duties involved responding to service calls. About 80 percent of U.S. residents were served by local police departments at either the municipal or the county level, and there were about 21 full-time local police officers for every 10,000 residents served. For fiscal year 1993, local police departments had total operating expenditures of $24.3 billion, compared to $20.6 billion in 1990, a 6 percent increase after controlling for inflation. Operating expenditures averaged $62,600 per sworn police officer, $48,200 per employee, and $131 per resident. Women comprised 8.8 percent of full-time local police officers in 1993, compared to 8.1 percent in 1990 and 7.6 percent in 1987. Black police officers accounted for 11.3 percent of the total in 1993, compared to 10.5 percent in 1990 and 9.3 percent in 1987. About 12 percent of local police departments required new recruits to have at least some college education in 1993, compared to about 6 percent in 1990. Approximately 85 percent of local police departments authorized regular field officers to use semiautomatic sidearms, one-third required regular field officers to wear protective body armor while on duty, and nearly all authorized the use of impact or nonlethal weapons. In addition to traditional law enforcement duties, some local police departments were responsible for court-related functions such as providing court security and serving the civil process. Finally, two-thirds of local police departments used computers in 1993, compared to half in 1990. 39 tables and 6 figures
Main Term(s): Police statistics
Index Term(s): Black/African Americans; Computer aided operations; Law enforcement costs; Minority police; Municipal police; Police education; Police expenditures; Police personnel; Police recruits; Police responsibilities; Police women
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