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NCJ Number: 148870 Find in a Library
Title: Housing, Community and Crime: The Impact of the Priority Estates Project
Author(s): J Foster; T Hope; L Dowds; M Sutton
Date Published: 1993
Page Count: 130
Sponsoring Agency: Her Majesty's Stationery Office
Norwich, NR3 1GN,
Publication Number: ISBN 0-11-341078-6
Sale Source: Her Majesty's Stationery Office
PO Box 29
Norwich, NR3 1GN,
United Kingdom
Type: Program/Project Evaluation
Language: English
Country: United Kingdom
Annotation: The Priority Estates Project (PEP), sponsored by Great Britain's Department of the Environment, seeks to reduce crime victimization and improve community life by working with local authorities and tenants of some of the country's most difficult and run-down estates to change the delivery of local housing services and involve tenants in daily estate operations.
Abstract: Although crime prevention is not a specific task of the PEP model, project designers envisioned that crime reduction would result from the PEP approach. Research was conducted to evaluate the impact of two PEP's on housing service delivery, crime, and community life over a 3-year period. The two PEP's had high crime rates and adverse design and social characteristics. Basic elements of PEP's housing service model (local estate offices, repairs, and caretaking) were implemented on both estates. At the end of the research period, resident feelings about the PEP were mixed. The PEP brought a greater sense of security and a real increase in some residents' feelings of safety from racially motivated victimization. Nonetheless, other residents had become poorer, more socially heterogenous, and more apathetic. Changes in environmental design, tenant consultation, and population characteristics created different vacancy levels on the estates. Financial circumstances of estate newcomers worsened, while stable and established tenants displayed more confidence about the estates and the possibility of improvements. Crime decreased on the PEP estates, but some intraneighbor tensions remained. Territoriality, social cohesion, and empowerment increased among some residents due to environmental modifications and PEP's efforts to involve them in service improvement and estate management. Even so, some newly arrived single-parent families were especially vulnerable to crime. Two obstacles to the wider effectiveness of the PEP model on the two estates were identified: (1) quality of implementation; and (2) instability of residential communities due to population turnover, social heterogeneity, and the "subterranean culture" within estate communities. Further information on the impact of PEP and supplementary tables are appended. 86 references, 24 tables, and 3 figures
Main Term(s): Foreign crime prevention
Index Term(s): Community crime prevention programs; Community involvement; Crime in foreign countries; Criminology; Great Britain/United Kingdom; Public housing; Residential security; Social conditions
Note: Home Office Research Study 131
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