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NCJ Number: 148879 Find in a Library
Title: Preventing Crime by Empowering Young Children: The High/Scope Perry Preschool Study Through Age 27
Author(s): L J Schweinhart; D P Weikart
Date Published: Unknown
Page Count: 14
Sponsoring Agency: High/Scope Educational Research Foundation
Ypsilanti, MI 48198
National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America

High/Scope Educational Research Foundation
600 N. River Street
Ypsilanti, MI 48198
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Program/Project Evaluation
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: The High/Scope Perry study of 123 black children living in poverty in Ypsilanti, Michigan, and at risk of school failure revealed that high quality, active learning programs reduced the crime rate of study participants by 50 percent through age 27.
Abstract: The study used an experimental design that assigned 123 black children to either program or no-program groups. At ages 3 and 4, the program group received active learning instruction from teachers trained in early childhood education. Teachers conducted daily 2.5-hour classes for children on weekday mornings and made 1.5-hour home visits to each mother and child on weekday afternoons. Using key experiences derived from child development theory, teachers encouraged children to engage in play activities through which they learned to make choices and solve problems. Data were collected on both program and no-program groups annually from ages 3 through 11 and at ages 14, 15, 19, and 27. Study findings showed that the active learning approach prevented crime, improved educational performance, contributed to economic development, and strengthened commitment to marriage. Only 7 percent of the program group had been arrested five or more times, as compared to 35 percent of the no-program group. Significantly fewer program group than no-program group members had been placed on probation for delinquent offenses as teenagers (6 percent versus 22 percent). Potential long-term benefits of using the active learning approach with preschool children and their parents are examined. 10 references, 1 table, and 2 figures
Main Term(s): Juvenile delinquency prevention programs
Index Term(s): Black juvenile delinquents; Black/African Americans; Child development; Crime prevention measures; Longitudinal studies; Michigan; Parent and child education; Students
Note: To be published by the University of Ottawa in Going Straight: Effective Delinquency Prevention and Offender Rehabilitation
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