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NCJ Number: 148904 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Averting Violence in the Gang Community
Journal: Law and Order  Dated:(December 1977)  Pages:20-23
Author(s): R V De Leon
Date Published: 1977
Page Count: 4
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
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Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
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United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
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United States of America
Type: Survey
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: One of the largest street gang population density levels in the United States existed in Latin communities of the Los Angeles area in 1977.
Abstract: Over 50 percent of the families in communities of 100,000 did not own cars, the average family income was less than $6,000 per year, and the average educational level was 7.2 years compared to 12.2 years in the City of Los Angeles. Many thousands of undocumented Mexicans and their families resided in the Los Angeles area and were often not bilingual. In 1977, 13 major gangs represented over 3,000 members. Each gang was turf-oriented and dominated a territory usually bordered by a freeway, public park, or other natural barrier. Gang members did not target police officers, businesses, teachers, or adults, but all community residents were directly or indirectly affected by gang presence. In 1975, over 23 percent of all violent crimes in Latin communities involved gangs. Due to concerted police efforts, this figure was reduced in 1976. Realtors and businesses also initiated programs to productively involve gang members and reduce gang violence, and the need for patrol officers in public housing projects was recognized. Community involvement and improved police-gang communication served to reduce gang violence.
Main Term(s): Juvenile/Youth Gangs
Index Term(s): California; Community crime prevention programs; Community involvement; Gang Prevention; Hispanic Americans; Juvenile delinquency prevention; Police community relations; Public housing; Violence prevention; Violent juvenile offenders
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