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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 149011 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Criminal Justice, New Technologies, and the Constitution
Corporate Author: US Office of Technology Assessment
United States of America
Date Published: 1989
Page Count: 54
Sponsoring Agency: Loompanics Unlimited
Port Townsend, WA 98368
National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
US Office of Technology Assessment
Washington, DC 20510
Publication Number: ISBN 1-55950-016-6
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America

Loompanics Unlimited
P.O. Box 1197
Port Townsend, WA 98368
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Legislation/Policy Analysis
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This report examines new technologies used for investigation, apprehension, and confinement of offenders and their effects on the constitutional protection of citizens' rights.
Abstract: The first chapter considers how the technological revolution in criminal justice has impacted the prohibition on unreasonable searches and seizures, the rights of the accused, the rights of those convicted of crimes, due process, and the right of privacy. Another chapter addresses the implications of new technology for investigation, identification, and apprehension. Technologies considered in this chapter are mobile communications, electronic surveillance, computerized data matching, DNA typing, automated fingerprint identification systems, biometric security systems, and "less-than-lethal" weapons. A chapter on new technology for decisionmaking focuses on the use of computers in the social sciences, with attention to predictive models, decisionmaking guidelines, and artificial intelligence. A discussion of new technologies for correctional supervision and treatment addresses alternatives to conventional or traditional prisons, electronic monitoring, and drug therapy and hormone manipulation. The discussion of technology for recordkeeping and information sharing considers reporting and data quality, dissemination of FBI criminal history records, and electronic records and due process.
Main Term(s): Science and Technology
Index Term(s): Computer aided operations; Constitutional Rights/Civil Liberties; Corrections policies; Criminology; Police policies and procedures
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