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NCJ Number: 149039 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Evolution of Black Street Gangs
Corporate Author: San Bernardino Cty Sheriff's Office
United States of America
Date Published: Unknown
Page Count: 16
Sponsoring Agency: NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
POST Media Distribution Ctr
Sacramento, CA 95816
San Bernardino Cty Sheriff's Office
San Bernardino, CA 92403
Sale Source: NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America

POST Media Distribution Ctr
1601 Alhambra Boulevard
Sacramento, CA 95816
United States of America
Type: Curriculum
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Black street gangs in California are traced back to the 1920's in this gang awareness course for police officers, and patterns of criminal gang activities are addressed.
Abstract: In the early 1920's, blacks migrated to California and settled in South Central Los Angeles. In keeping with the times, many blacks emulated the "tough guy" image of Mafia figures and dressed accordingly. Their criminal activities included bookmaking, bootlegging, loan sharking, and prostitution. By the 1950's, neighborhood social groups emerged that engaged in recreational activities and also in periodic confrontational actions. In the 1960's, these social groups established territorial claims and the incidence of violent assaults among gang members increased. Common criminal gang activities in the 1960's included strong-arm robberies, illegal dice games, burglaries, auto thefts, assaults, and drug sales. Although gang violence subsided somewhat in the mid-1960's, gangs such as the Bloods and Crips were still prevalent in Los Angeles. The vocabulary of black street gangs is noted, as well as the use of graffiti, tattoos, and hand signs. Profiles of typical gang members are included.
Main Term(s): Juvenile/Youth Gangs
Index Term(s): Black juvenile delinquents; Black/African Americans; California; Gang Prevention; Juvenile gang behavior patterns; Organized crime; Police training; Violence prevention
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