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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 149043 Find in a Library
Title: Social Structure and Anomie
Journal: American Sociological Review  Volume:3  Issue:5  Dated:(1938)  Pages:672- 682
Author(s): R K Merton
Date Published: 1938
Page Count: 11
Type: Research (Theoretical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This paper suggests that certain phases of social structure generate the circumstances in which the violation of social codes constitutes a "normal" response.
Abstract: An effort is made to provide a coherent, systematic approach to the study of sociocultural sources of deviant behavior and to determine how some social structures pressure certain persons to engage in nonconformist rather than conformist conduct. Two important elements of social structure, cultural goals and institutional norms, are discussed in the context of socially approved values. Alternative modes of adjustment or adaptation by individuals are examined, including conformity, innovation, ritualism, and retreatism. Consideration is also given to the role of group pressures and standards and cultural demands in antisocial behavior, the link between crime and poverty, and differential social class symbols of achievement. 21 footnotes
Main Term(s): Gangs
Index Term(s): Crime causes theory; Criminology; Cultural influences; Deviance; Economic influences; Social classes; Sociological analyses
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