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NCJ Number: 149047 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Street Corner Groups and Patterns of Delinquency: A Progress Report
Journal: American Catholic Sociological Review  Volume:28  Dated:(1963)  Pages:13-32
Author(s): J F Short Jr
Date Published: 1963
Page Count: 20
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Mental Health
Bethesda, MD 20852
Grant Number: M-3301; MH-07158-01
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: A large-scale study of delinquent gangs in the Chicago area was conducted during the 1959-1962 period to examine theories concerning the impact of social class on adolescent boys.
Abstract: The study sought to combine approaches to the study of street corner groups and patterns of delinquency. Data were obtained through field gang observations, weekly interviews with detached workers, and a survey-type interview of male gang members. Data were also collected using sociometric instruments and laboratory assessment of intelligence, values, motivation, and personality characteristics. Semantic differential data suggested that black and white, lower class gang and nongang boys and middle-class boys did not differ in their recognition of the moral validity and the legitimacy of some middle-class values. Gang boys, however, evaluated illegitimate images more highly than did other boys, and their behavior was inconsistent with middle class values. This discrepancy is examined in terms of the operation of "aleatory" factors peculiar to lower class settings and group processes. Further study is suggested to assess competing delinquency theories. 40 footnotes
Main Term(s): Juvenile/Youth Gangs
Index Term(s): Illinois; Juvenile crime patterns; Juvenile delinquency factors; Juvenile delinquency research; Juvenile delinquency theory; Juvenile gang behavior patterns; Male juvenile delinquents; Social classes
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