skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 149057 Find in a Library
Title: P.0.S.T. Gang Awareness Course: Asian Gang Presentation
Editor(s): W G Howell; M Young
Date Published: Unknown
Page Count: 49
Sponsoring Agency: Los Angeles Police Dept
Los Angeles, CA 90012
Sale Source: Los Angeles Police Dept
Domestic Violence Task Force
150 North Los Angeles
Room 150
Los Angeles, CA 90012
United States of America
Type: Instructional Material
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This collection of texts presents historical information, activities, and characteristics of Asian crime organizations.
Abstract: The first document focuses on Korean Gangs; it starts with their historical evolution in immigrant families and includes such recent gangs as the Korea-Town Crazy's and Bulga Saris. Next the triad societies, a Chinese form of organized crime, are explained. The document traces the triads from 12th Century secret societies to their present involvement in Asian protection rackets, narcotics trafficking, prostitution, gambling, and other organized crime activities. Chinese triads also control the opium and heroin trade to the West via Amsterdam. Five criminally active triad societies presently operate in the United States; they are involved in protection rackets, narcotics trafficking, gambling, extortion, prostitution, and illegal immigration. Especially characteristic of Chinese triads is the elaborate, mystical initiation ritual into the society, which assures the allegiance and secrecy of the members. The following document emphasizes the growing threat of Asian crime gangs (Chinese triads, Chinese tongs, and Japanese Yakuza) to United States law enforcement. A short document describes the 4 T's Gang, a recently discovered Vietnamese crime organization. The final document presents physical and behavioral characteristics which help to identify members of the Japanese Yakuza society.
Main Term(s): Asian gangs
Index Term(s): Drug law offenses; Organized crime; Organized crime investigation
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.