skip navigation

PUBLICATIONS

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 

NCJ Number: 149104 Find in a Library
Title: Black Female Gangs in Philadelphia
Journal: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology  Volume:21  Issue:3  Dated:(1977)  Pages:221-228
Author(s): W K Brown
Date Published: 1977
Page Count: 8
Type: Research (Theoretical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Based on interviews with African-American female gang members in Philadelphia, this study profiles factors in and patterns of African-American females' involvement in gangs.
Abstract: The findings show that females are clearly part of Philadelphia's black youth gang subculture. They are not always confined to peripheral gang activities such as social and sexual affairs; females often have roles intrinsic to the maintenance of the gang. In the sexually integrated gangs, the females are involved in a multitude of gang- related affairs, and females are among the combatants in intergang conflicts. The all-female gang, exemplified by the "Holly Ho's," is just as violent and aggressive as the all-male gangs, with a reputation just as potent as that of many male gangs. Because females are exposed to essentially the same milieu as that of the males in Philadelphia's low- income neighborhoods and because these females also are in search of their identity within a subculture where opportunities are limited to the ghetto-specific lifestyle, violence and aggressive behavior become a viable means for establishing that identity. To become popular and be involved in the excitement of gang activities, females will join and function in Philadelphia's black gang subculture, so that any discussion of black youth gangs of Philadelphia must include females. 15 references
Main Term(s): Juvenile/Youth Gangs
Index Term(s): Black juvenile delinquents; Female juvenile delinquents; Juvenile delinquency factors; Juvenile gang behavior patterns; Pennsylvania
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=149104

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.