skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 149143 Find in a Library
Title: Honor, Violence, and Upward Mobility: A Case Study of Chicago Gangs During the 1970's and 1980's
Author(s): J M Olivero
Date Published: 1991
Page Count: 182
Sponsoring Agency: University of Texas
Edinburg, TX 78539
Publication Number: ISBN 0-938738-10-0
Sale Source: University of Texas
Pan American Press
Edinburg, TX 78539
United States of America
Type: Survey
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Using newspapers and other sources, this volume describes the nature and activities of gangs in Chicago from the early 1970's to the middle of the 1980's.
Abstract: The newspapers that were the major data sources were the Chicago Sun Times and the Chicago Tribune. The analysis revealed that in the early 1970's, gangs were seen as misguided youths who could be redirected toward positive social behavior. The problem centered on vocational training. Researchers offered a variety of causal explanations for gangs. Gang activity increased in 1979; in 1981, a large number of gang-related murders occurred. By the mid-1980's, explanations centered on weaknesses in family ties, the fragmentation of community structure, reduced funding for social services, and a lack of job opportunities. Others have emphasized the role of weak secondary institutions such as the school and primary institutions such as the family, in failing to provide adequate mechanisms of opportunity and social control. Proposed solutions have emphasized the need to involve both community residents and social workers to address the problem of gangs and to focus on both opportunities and control. Appended descriptions of gang identifiers and 46 references
Main Term(s): Juvenile gang behavior patterns
Index Term(s): Criminology; Illinois
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.