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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 149191 Find in a Library
Title: Buyer Beware: A Consumer's Guide to Reading and Understanding Correctional Research (Part II)
Journal: Forum on Corrections Research  Volume:6  Issue:2  Dated:May 1994  Pages:3-5
Author(s): T. Gee
Date Published: May 1994
Page Count: 3
Document: HTML|PDF
Type: Research (Theoretical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: Canada
Annotation: Although correctional researchers often want to explain differences they observe among individuals in their problem- solving abilities, intelligence cannot be measured directly; consequently, the study of recidivism, sentencing, and other correctional issues is sometimes difficult.
Abstract: Theories of criminal behavior require researchers to measure some things that are not easily measured, and intelligence is such a construct. Certain skills are required, for example, to perform well on an intelligence test and others are not. Therefore, intelligence can be defined as what intelligence tests measure. Due to difficulties associated with measuring intelligence, surveys and opinion polls must contain questions that are understandable to the people answering them. Survey data are limited by the questions asked, and conclusions must be limited to the context of survey questions. Correctional researchers must realize they cannot conduct definitive studies and answer all relevant questions. Rather, they can conduct studies that address a limited number of questions covering a specific timeframe. 4 footnotes
Main Term(s): Corrections research
Index Term(s): Criminal justice research; Criminology; Intelligence Quotient (IQ); Research methods
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