skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 149215 Find in a Library
Title: On the Basis of Sex: Recognizing Gender-Based Bias Crimes
Journal: Stanford Law and Policy Review  Dated:(Spring 1994)  Pages:1-27
Author(s): S B Weisburd; B Levin
Date Published: 1994
Page Count: 27
Type: Literature Review
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Comparing gender to other categories that are typically listed when discrimination is an issue, this paper analyzes the general characteristics of bias-related crimes and whether gender-motivated crimes have these characteristics.
Abstract: Bias crimes are characterized by a generally high level of violence, the terroristic impact they inflict on victims and their communities, offenders' motivation by a desire for power and domination over their victims and the groups to which the victims belong, random victimization by strangers, heightened psychological trauma to the victims, serial nature of the attacks, and a particularly invidious effect on the community. Although gender-motivated crimes of violence do not exactly match this pattern, they demonstrate a substantial theoretical fit. Therefore, gender-motivated deprivations of civil rights should be recognized as bias offenses and punished accordingly. Figures and 145 reference notes
Main Term(s): Victims of Crime
Index Term(s): Bias related violence; Criminology; Sex discrimination
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.