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NCJ Number: 149215 Find in a Library
Title: On the Basis of Sex: Recognizing Gender-Based Bias Crimes
Journal: Stanford Law and Policy Review  Dated:(Spring 1994)  Pages:1-27
Author(s): S B Weisburd; B Levin
Date Published: 1994
Page Count: 27
Type: Literature Review
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Comparing gender to other categories that are typically listed when discrimination is an issue, this paper analyzes the general characteristics of bias-related crimes and whether gender-motivated crimes have these characteristics.
Abstract: Bias crimes are characterized by a generally high level of violence, the terroristic impact they inflict on victims and their communities, offenders' motivation by a desire for power and domination over their victims and the groups to which the victims belong, random victimization by strangers, heightened psychological trauma to the victims, serial nature of the attacks, and a particularly invidious effect on the community. Although gender-motivated crimes of violence do not exactly match this pattern, they demonstrate a substantial theoretical fit. Therefore, gender-motivated deprivations of civil rights should be recognized as bias offenses and punished accordingly. Figures and 145 reference notes
Main Term(s): Victims of Crime
Index Term(s): Bias related violence; Criminology; Sex discrimination
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