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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 149259 Find in a Library
Title: Violence Between Intimates
Series: BJS Selected Findings
Author(s): M W Zawitz; P Klaus; R Bachman; P Langan; H Graziadei; C W Harlow
Corporate Author: Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS)
US Dept of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Date Published: 1994
Page Count: 12
Sponsoring Agency: Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS)
Washington, DC 20531
National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: Agency Summary|PDF|Text
Agency Summary: 
Type: Survey
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: According to an analysis of the National Crime Victimization Survey for the 1987-1991 period, intimates committed an annual average of 621,015 rapes, robberies, or assaults; 51 percent of victims of intimate violence were attacked by boyfriends or girlfriends, 34 percent were attacked by spouses, and 15 percent were attacked by ex-spouses.
Abstract: Most violence between intimates involved assault. Females were more likely than males to be victims of violence by intimates. About one in five females victimized by a spouse or an ex-spouse reported they had been victimized by three or more assaults during the past 6 months. Rates of intimate rape, robbery, and assault for both male and female victims were relatively constant over the 1987-1991 period, while murder rates involving intimate violence declined. Most murders of intimates were committed with firearms, and most female victims of intimate violence took some form of self-protective action. The most frequent reason female victims of intimate violence gave for not reporting to the police was that they believed the incident was a private matter. Nearly all large police agencies had written policies concerning domestic disturbances, over half of defendants who killed their spouse had a prior criminal history, most defendants in spousal murder cases were convicted, and persons convicted of killing their spouses were about as likely as other murderers to be convicted on the most serious arrest charge. Most convicted murderers were sentenced to a prison term, regardless of their relationship to the victim. Of those convicted of spouse murders, men received longer prison sentences than women. Background characteristics of prisoners who victimized intimates were similar to those of prisoners convicted of similar crimes who victimized nonintimates. Female inmates were more likely than male inmates to have harmed an intimate. 13 references, 11 tables, and 2 figures
Main Term(s): Violent crime statistics
Index Term(s): Abused women; Abusing spouses; Domestic assault; Female victims; Male survivors; Murderers; Offense statistics; Rape statistics; Robbery; Sexual assault victims; Victims of violent crime; Violent men; Violent women
Note: BJS Selected Finding, November 1994.
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