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NCJ Number: 149282 Find in a Library
Title: Unreliable Evidence? Confessions and the Safety of Convictions
Corporate Author: Justice - British Section of the International Cmssn of Jurists
United Kingdom
Date Published: Unknown
Page Count: 34
Sponsoring Agency: Justice - British Section of the International Cmssn of Jurists
London, EC4V 5AQ, England
Sale Source: Justice - British Section of the International Cmssn of Jurists
59 Carter Lane
London, EC4V 5AQ,
United Kingdom
Type: Survey
Language: English
Country: United Kingdom
Annotation: Based on the premises that evidence obtained from voluntary confessions may be inherently unsafe, and that people can make false and misleading confessions against their own self-interest under police interrogation, this report examined the circumstances surrounding 89 cases in England in which an alleged miscarriage of justice rested on a disputed confession.
Abstract: Seventy-two of the defendants in this sample had been arrested after January 1986 when the Police and Criminal Evidence Act (PACE) 1984 was implemented. Some of the issues examined here include the reluctance and sometimes outright refusal of police to allow suspects access to legal representation, the tendency of police to conduct "informal" interviews without the use of tape recordings or access to legal advice, the use of oppressive questioning tactics, and the reliability of confessions. The report concludes that there are two major weaknesses in relying on admissions made to police: the limitations and inconsistent application of PACE safeguards and the unreliability of confessions made under duress and fear of negative consequences. 6 notes and 2 appendixes
Main Term(s): Courts
Index Term(s): Confessions; Foreign courts; Foreign police; Great Britain/United Kingdom; Interview and interrogation; Wrongful conviction
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