skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 149305 Find in a Library
Title: Psychological Disturbance in the Scottish Prison System: Prevalence, Precipitants, and Policy
Author(s): D J Cooke
Corporate Author: Scottish Prison Service
United Kingdom
Date Published: 1994
Page Count: 169
Sponsoring Agency: Scottish Prison Service
Edinburgh, EH12 9HW,
Publication Number: ISBN 0-7480-0926-4
Sale Source: Scottish Prison Service
Calton House
5 Redheughs Rigg
Edinburgh, EH12 9HW,
United Kingdom
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Language: English
Country: United Kingdom
Annotation: This report discusses findings regarding the prevalence of mental disturbance among prisoners housed in facilities operated by the Scottish Prison Service.
Abstract: The study found that the rate of mental disturbance among inmates is higher than that in the general population. Rates of depression, drug dependence, and alcoholism are particularly high. Many prisoners have, or have had, more than one mental disorder. These individuals often rotate between the mental health, criminal justice, and social services. While the evidence is not conclusive, it does indicate that a substantial proportion of mental illness among inmates begins before imprisonment. Nonetheless, the manner in which prisoners are treated by prison staff, management, and administration appears to be critical in determining the maintenance of distress and disorder. This study linked psychological disturbance and offending both prior to and during imprisonment. The four chapters of this report examine psychological disturbance in prison populations, the level and distribution of psychological disturbance in the Scottish prison system, the development of the Prison Behavior Rating Scale, and policy implications in terms of approaches to assessment and treatment. 3 appendixes and 252 references
Main Term(s): Corrections
Index Term(s): Foreign correctional systems; Mentally ill inmates; Scotland
Note: Scottish Prison Service Occasional Paper No. 3
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.