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NCJ Number: 149327 Find in a Library
Title: Factors Predicting Severity of Physical Child Abuse Injury: A Review of the Literature
Journal: Journal of Interpersonal Violence  Volume:9  Issue:2  Dated:(June 1994)  Pages:170-183
Author(s): R L Hegar; S J Zuravin; J G Orme
Date Published: 1994
Page Count: 14
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This article reviews the research literature on predictors of severe and fatal physical child abuse, an important issue in the design of assessment instruments for use in child welfare intake.
Abstract: Of various factors associated with child abuse victims, perpetrators, and sources of child abuse reports, the only one consistently related to severity of injury is child age. The literature provides some support for the conclusion that boys, children of color, and victims of male perpetrators may be at increased risk of serious injury, although further study is required. Existing studies differ substantially with respect to methodologies, making it difficult to identify precisely why some findings are contradictory. Conceivably, differences among study samples related to victim racial or ethnic identity, age, and gender or perpetrator sex underlie variations in main effects among studies. A serious shortcoming of existing studies is their failure to define severity of injury in consistent and useful ways. Future research should move toward the use of more reliable and valid instruments for assessing severity of injury, perhaps the Abbreviated Injury Scale or a similar measure. Research efforts should use multivariate data analysis techniques to predict the severity of child abuse injury. 37 references
Main Term(s): Child victims
Index Term(s): Child abuse; Child abuse fatalities; Children at risk; Injury investigations; Juveniles; Police; Research methods
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