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NCJ Number: 149329 Find in a Library
Title: Nurses' Responses to Child Abuse: A Factorial Survey
Journal: Journal of Interpersonal Violence  Volume:9  Issue:2  Dated:(June 1994)  Pages:194-206
Author(s): A W O'Toole; R O'Toole; S Webster; B Lucal
Date Published: 1994
Page Count: 13
Sponsoring Agency: Kent State University
Kent, OH 44242
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This factorial survey tested hypotheses derived from child abuse reporting in terms of observer characteristics and the organizational setting of official child abuse reporting.
Abstract: Of a sample of 1,555 registered nurses, 1,038 (67 percent) returned questionnaires. They responded to vignettes in which case characteristics were systematically manipulated. Three hypotheses were tested: (1) recognition and reporting would vary by characteristics of the act; (2) recognition and reporting would vary by personal and professional characteristics of nurses; and (3) recognition and reporting would vary by organizational characteristics. Analysis using ordinary least squares regression showed that case characteristics involving abuse type and level of seriousness, perpetrator status, and perpetrator psychology had the greatest effects on average recognition and reporting scores. Victim age and gender had consistently significant but small effects on both recognition and reporting, while perpetrator account had mixed effects on recognition and reporting. The addition of nurse and organizational characteristics accounted for a small amount of variance. The social construction of child abuse by nurses appeared to be more influenced by case descriptors than by the nurses' own characteristics or by their organizational work setting. Thus, more support was provided for the first hypothesis than for the second and third hypotheses. Appendixes contain supplemental information on child abuse types and perpetrators. 35 references, 3 notes, and 1 table
Main Term(s): Child victims
Index Term(s): Abused children; Child abuse detection; Child abuse reporting; Juveniles
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