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NCJ Number: 149332 Find in a Library
Title: Impact of Court on Children: Research Findings and Practical Recommendations
Journal: Journal of Interpersonal Violence  Volume:9  Issue:2  Dated:(June 1994)  Pages:238-257
Author(s): J A Lipovsky
Date Published: 1994
Page Count: 20
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Concern about possible negative impacts of testifying in court on children has led to discussions about altering the process in ways that accommodate the specific developmental and emotional needs of children.
Abstract: Evidence from several studies suggests that children rarely testify in trials, although they may be required to testify at preliminary hearings, grand juries, or other proceedings. Studies also indicate that many but not all children find the court process distressing. Effects do not appear to be of long duration, however, and children's functioning tends to improve over time regardless of their court experience. Nonetheless, innovative practices may be needed in some cases to prepare children to testify, to protect children from face-to-face contact with offenders, and to provide emotional support to child witnesses. Interventions may also need to be directed toward the child and the family that focus on education, stress management, parental attitudes, maternal support, and child characteristics. Research findings are detailed in terms of their application to practice with children as witnesses in the criminal justice system. 30 references
Main Term(s): Child victims
Index Term(s): Children in the courtroom; Courts; Juvenile witnesses
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