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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 149333 Find in a Library
Title: Viewing the Abusive Parent and the Abused Child as Captor and Hostage: The Application of Hostage Theory to the Effects of Child Abuse
Journal: Journal of Interpersonal Violence  Volume:9  Issue:2  Dated:(June 1994)  Pages:258-269
Author(s): C R Goddard; J R Stanley
Date Published: 1994
Page Count: 12
Type: Research (Theoretical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: The authors draw attention to the fact that many behavioral characteristics found in the terrorist-hostage literature appear to parallel those observed in the behavior of child abusers and abused children.
Abstract: Literature on and theories of terrorism and hostage taking are at an early stage of scientific development, and authors vary in their views on the relative importance of certain features. Nonetheless, several important and consistent findings are repeated throughout much of the literature. These findings concern chaacteristics of captors and abusers, methods of terrorists and abusers, ideology, the Stockholm syndrome involving pathological transferrence in which psychological pressure causes victims to cooperate with their captors or abusers in order to survive, and group identification and detachment from the outside world. Comparisons of characteristics of the captor-hostage situation and the abuser-abused situation suggest several commonalities. An understanding of the hostage model also brings into question certain fundamental concepts of the social worker-client relationship. In addition, the hostage model suggests that an individual's experience in a severely abusive relationship may impede the formation of other meaningful relationships. Consideration of similarities between hostages and abused children is essential for progress to occur in understanding, preventing, and treating child abuse and the high recidivism rate associated with abuse. 33 references
Main Term(s): Child victims
Index Term(s): Abused children; Abusing parents; Behavioral science research; Child abuse prevention; Child abuse treatment; Comparative criminology; Hostage takers; Juveniles; Psychological research; Psychological theories; Terrorist tactics
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