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NCJ Number: 149340 Find in a Library
Title: Parenting and Family Stress as Mediators of the Long- Term Effects of Child Abuse
Journal: Child Abuse and Neglect  Volume:18  Issue:5  Dated:(May 1994)  Pages:439- 453
Author(s): T W Wind; L Silvern
Date Published: 1994
Page Count: 15
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examines whether variation in perceived parental warmth and in nonabusive family stressors influenced the strength of associations of women's psychological difficulties with their childhood sexual or physical abuse.
Abstract: Child abuse is known to be associated with a variety of adult psychological difficulties; however, the level and types of such difficulties may be influenced by variation in other nonabusive aspects of the child-rearing context. In this study, child abuse history, family stress history, perceived parental warmth, and current psychological functioning were determined for a community sample of 259 working women. The study found that perceived parental warmth, childhood stress, and abuse were each separately associated with current functioning. As expected, however, multiple regression analyses showed that parental warmth strongly influenced or mediated the relationship of intrafamilial child abuse to depression and self-esteem levels. In contrast, abuse was associated with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) independently of variation in perceived parenting. Finally, parenting mediated initial relationships of childhood stress to each of the adjustment measures. The discussion focuses on the possibility that there may be several developmental pathways that lead to the array of symptoms associated with child abuse, Some symptoms, such as PTSD, may be most influenced by the abuse itself, while others, such as depression and low self-esteem, may be more impacted by lack of parental warmth. Treatment implications are discussed. 4 tables and 52 references
Main Term(s): Juvenile victims
Index Term(s): Abusing parents; Child abuse; Home environment; Post-trauma stress disorder (PTSD)
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