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NCJ Number: 149346 Find in a Library
Title: Sexual Abuse Prevention With High-Risk Males: The Roles of Victim Empathy and Rape Myths
Journal: Violence and Victims  Volume:8  Issue:4  Dated:(Winter 1993)  Pages:339-351
Author(s): P A Schewe; W O'Donohue
Date Published: 1993
Page Count: 13
Type: Program/Project Evaluation
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: The outcomes of two sexual abuse prevention programs, one emphasizing victim empathy and the other addressing the modification of rape myths, were evaluated with high-risk males.
Abstract: Sixty-eight high-risk males, as determined by self- reported likelihood of committing sexual abuse, were randomly assigned to an empathy-treatment, a facts- treatment, or a no-treatment control group. Treatment effects were assessed using subjects' pretreatment and posttreatment scores on the Likelihood of Sexually Abusing scale, the Rape Empathy Scale, the Acceptance of Interpersonal Violence scale, the Adversarial Sexual Beliefs Scale, and a test of self-reported sexual arousal to forced versus consenting sex. In addition, posttest scores on an Asch-type conformity measure were obtained. Results of validity checks indicated that high-risk subjects differed from low-risk subjects on a number of rape-related variables, that the victim-empathy condition increased subjects' empathy, and that subjects found both treatments to be credible and helpful. Comparisons between the empathy- treatment, facts-treatment, and no-treatment groups contraindicated the practice of dispelling rape myths as a method of preventing rape among high-risk males. 6 tables and 33 references
Main Term(s): Female victims
Index Term(s): Community crime prevention programs; Rape prevention programs; Sex offender treatment
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