skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 149359 Find in a Library
Title: Fear of Crime and City Nightlife
Journal: Journal of Crime and Justice  Volume:17  Issue:1  Dated:(1994)  Pages:69-94
Author(s): J B Perry Jr; C-C Hsieh; M D Pugh
Date Published: 1994
Page Count: 16
Type: Survey
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: The Portside Marketplace in Toledo, Ohio, failed as a downtown retail entertainment center, and a study was subsequently conducted to determine if the facility's lack of use could be attributed to the public's fear of crime.
Abstract: The study investigated who used Toledo's downtown entertainment areas at night, public perceptions of downtown safety, and avoidance of downtown areas due to fear of crime. Telephone interviews were carried out in 1989 with a sample of 400 respondents obtained using random digit dialing procedures. The overall interview completion rate was 65 percent. Study findings revealed that fear of crime contributed to the Portside Marketplace's failure. The deterrent effect of fear of crime operated over and above the effects of respondent age and family income. Fear of crime appeared to have the greatest influence among respondents with lower family incomes. The target audience for the entertainment center, however, was younger people with higher family incomes, and this group seemed to be the least affected by downtown safety considerations. 31 references, 2 endnotes, and 6 tables
Main Term(s): Criminology
Index Term(s): Crime Statistics; Fear of crime; Ohio; Public Opinion of Crime; Retail business crimes; Retail business security; Victims of Crime
Note: Revised version of paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Society of Criminology, 1991, San Francisco
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.