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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 149360 Find in a Library
Title: Incarceration and HIV Risk Behaviors Among Injection Drug Users: A Midwestern Case Study
Journal: Journal of Crime and Justice  Volume:17  Issue:1  Dated:(1994)  Pages:85- 101
Author(s): H A Siegal; J Wang; M A Forney; R S Falck; R G Carlson; D C McBride
Date Published: 1994
Page Count: 17
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute on Drug Abuse
Bethesda, MD 20892-9561
Grant Number: R18-DA05757
Type: Survey
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study of the relationship between level of HIV risk behavior and history of jail or prison involvement found that several HIV high-risk variables were significantly related to intravenous drug user (IDU) time in jail.
Abstract: The study sample included 879 IDU's in Dayton and Columbus, Ohio. Most subjects were black males and had at least a high school education. The majority reported some type of involvement with the criminal justice system; 87.6 percent had spent time in jail. Data were collected via personal interviews using the nationally standardized AIDS Initial Assessment questionnaire developed by the National Institute on Drug Abuse. Interviews lasted 1-2 hours and participants were compensated for their time. Blood samples were collected to determine HIV serostatus. It was found that several HIV high-risk variables significantly correlated with IDU time in jail: drug injection at an early age; multiple sex partners; history of sexually transmitted disease; daily drug use; daily injection of cocaine, heroin, or speedball; inconsistent condom use; and use of rented needles. Active IDU's with the highest HIV risk behaviors were those most likely to spend time in jail. The authors conclude that the criminal justice system should implement drug and AIDS prevention programs and that public health initiatives on HIV risk behaviors should receive priority in correctional institutions. 34 references and 5 tables
Main Term(s): Corrections
Index Term(s): AIDS/HIV in correctional facilities; AIDS/HIV prevention; AIDS/HIV transmission; Black/African Americans; Drug abuse; Drug offenders; Male offenders; Ohio; Risk taking behavior; Sexual behavior
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