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NCJ Number: 149460 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Racial Disproportionality in the Juvenile Justice System
Corporate Author: Washington State
Cmssn on African American Affairs
Dept of Social and Health Services
United States of America
Project Director: G S Bridges
Date Published: 1993
Page Count: 171
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
Washington, DC 20531
Washington State
Olympia, WA 98504
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study sought to address county differences in Washington State in terms of ethnic disproportionality at each stage of the juvenile justice system, case-level circumstances contributing to disproportionality, and interpretations of juvenile justice system officials about the causes of racial and ethnic disproportionality.
Abstract: The results showed that, in 1990, youths of color represented 15 percent of the total youth population in the State. While, in general, youths of color were arrested at disproportionately low rates given their number in the general population, black youths were almost twice as likely to be arrested as whites. Despite their lower arrest rates, youth of color were referred to the juvenile justice system and detained prior to adjudication at substantially higher rates than white youth. They were also less likely to be referred to diversion programs and more likely to be prosecuted than whites. Racial and ethnic disproportionately was most evident in the numbers of youths sentenced to confinement. Characteristics of counties which strongly predicted high rates of disproportionality: the concentration and growth of youth of color in the county, the degree of urbanization, and levels of violent crime and chronic juvenile offending. Recommendations offered here focus on improved procedures for analyzing information on youth in the juvenile justice system, training for law enforcement and juvenile justice system personnel, and revision of the Washington criminal code to implement impartial standards and guidelines. 8 figures, 39 notes, 18 references, and 4 appendixes
Main Term(s): Juveniles
Index Term(s): Courts; Local juvenile justice systems; Minority juvenile offenders; Racial discrimination; Sentencing disparity; Washington
Note: Final Report
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