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NCJ Number: 149485 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Serious and Violent Juvenile Crime: A Comprehensive Strategy
Journal: Juvenile and Family Court Journal  Volume:45  Issue:2  Dated:(1994)  Pages:3-14
Author(s): J J Wilson; J C Howell
Date Published: 1994
Page Count: 12
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Type: Program/Project Description
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This article presents the program background, principles, rationale, and components for the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention's comprehensive strategy for dealing with serious, violent, and chronic juvenile offenders.
Abstract: The program was spurred by the increase in serious and violent juvenile crime over the past few years, as indicated by the statistics presented in this article. The principles that provide the framework for addressing such crime focus on strengthening the family, supporting core social institutions, promoting delinquency prevention, intervening promptly and effectively when delinquent behavior occurs, and identifying and controlling the small group of serious juvenile offenders. The program rationale is based in the belief that risk-focused prevention is the most effective way to prevent delinquency. The major risk factors are in the community, family, school, and in the individual and peer group. Prevention strategies must be comprehensive, so as to address each of the risk factors as they relate to the chronological development of children being served. Based on research and experience, the program has a highly structured system of graduated sanctions, the goal of which is to increase the effectiveness of the juvenile justice system in responding to juveniles who have committed criminal acts. Some effective and promising program models are briefly described. Expected benefits outlined for the program are delinquency prevention, increased juvenile justice system responsiveness, increased juvenile accountability, decreased costs of juvenile corrections, increased responsibility of the juvenile justice system, increased program effectiveness, and crime reduction. Next steps in implementing the strategy are described.
Main Term(s): Juvenile delinquency prevention programs
Index Term(s): Community crime prevention programs; Criminology; Juvenile statistics; Serious juvenile offenders; Violent juvenile offenders
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