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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 149490 Find in a Library
Title: Acquaintance Rape: The Effect of Race of Defendant and Race of Victim on White Juror Decisions
Journal: Journal of Social Psychology  Volume:133  Issue:5  Dated:(October 1993)  Pages:627-634
Author(s): R W Hymes; M Leinart; S Rowe; W Rogers
Date Published: 1993
Page Count: 8
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examined the role of racial bias in juror decisionmaking in acquaintance rape cases.
Abstract: Forty-three white male and 35 white female students read two briefs describing alleged acquaintance rape scenarios that established defendant-victim familiarity and sexual contact, but remained ambiguous about the victim's consent. Respondents then completed a questionnaire indicating their verdict, expressing the degree of confidence they had in that verdict, and sentencing the defendant. The analysis of variance assessed the effects of race of defendant, race of victim, and sex of juror on the verdict. While the results did not show that jurors automatically believed that black defendants were guilty simply because of their race, they demonstrated that the jurors considered the racial relationship between the victim and defendant and weighed this relationship against whether they believed the victim had consented to sexual contact. The data showed that jurors were more likely to convict black and white defendants if their victim was of the opposite race. 2 tables and 27 references
Main Term(s): Victims of Crime
Index Term(s): Acquaintance rape; Black/White Attitude Comparisons; Black/White Crime Comparisons; Courts; Intra-racial crime; Jury decisionmaking; Racial discrimination
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