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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 149494 Find in a Library
Title: Psychoactive Substances and Driving: State of the Art and Methodology
Journal: Alcohol, Drugs, and Driving  Volume:10  Issue:1  Dated:(January-March 1994)  Pages:1-55
Author(s): S D Ferrera; R Giorgetta; S Zancaner
Date Published: 1994
Page Count: 55
Type: Survey
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This article defines the role of the intake of drugs, drugs of abuse, and alcohol in determining the disability to drive.
Abstract: The analysis correlates and combines findings from epidemiological studies examining the incidence of drugs in various subpopulations of drivers and includes a search of the literature between 1984 and 1992 relating to psychomotor performance and drugs. The article focuses on studies addressing the interaction between drugs and between drugs of abuse and alcohol. Following a preliminary examination of the general mechanisms of drug reactions and the best-known types of interaction among classes of psychoactive substances, the article discusses the more complex problem of pharmacological interaction. Finally, the article covers some issues of methodology, particularly as they relate to epidemiology, man- machine interaction, and the role of the toxicology laboratory. 17 tables, 40 figures, and 225 references
Main Term(s): Controlled Substances
Index Term(s): Driving Under the Influence (DUI); Drug effects; Poisons and poison analysis
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