skip navigation

PUBLICATIONS

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 

NCJ Number: 149495 Find in a Library
Title: Social and Individual Factors, Drinking-Driving Behavior, and Risk
Journal: Alcohol, Drugs, and Driving  Volume:10  Issue:1  Dated:(January-March 1994)  Pages:57-83
Author(s): M Biecheler; H Fontaine
Date Published: 1994
Page Count: 27
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examines the hypothesis that drivers, characterized by their driving behaviors and their lifestyles, are involved in different types of accidents.
Abstract: Based on sociobehavioral data obtained in France through interviews and accident reports, this study focused on the factors which influence behavior in the collective, social driving context, the extent to which these factors result in accidents, and ways in which accidents could be prevented. The results show that sociocultural factors which define lifestyle also affect drivers' usual behavior patterns and, to a certain degree, their accident involvement. For high-risk groups, there is a strong correlation between demographic and sociocultural variables (young men, daily consumption of alcohol, varied mobility, frequent nighttime driving) and habitual driving behavior marked by a tendency to commit various driving-related violations and to be intolerant toward other drivers in situations in which their speed or driving space may be compromised. To prevent accidents drivers must be provided with new motivation to abide by the law and respect safety values in general, and to adopt law-abiding driving behavior in particular. 4 tables, 6 figures, 37 references, and 2 appendixes
Main Term(s): Controlled Substances
Index Term(s): Accident investigation; Auto related offenses; Driving Under the Influence (DUI); France; Offender profiles
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=149495

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.