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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 149496 Find in a Library
Title: Youthful Drivers and Motor Vehicle Crash Risk
Journal: Alcohol, Drugs, and Driving  Volume:10  Issue:1  Dated:(January-March 1994)  Pages:85-92
Author(s): A F Williams
Date Published: 1994
Page Count: 8
Type: Survey
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Youthful age is one of the most important predictors of driving accident involvement, outranking other characteristics including gender, personality factors, vision, medical conditions, and elderly age.
Abstract: Crash risk can be assessed based on miles driven, and on number of license holders or number of members of a particular group. The most likely reasons for the overinvolvement of youthful drivers in accidents are immaturity and lack of driving experience. The immaturity associated with youth is manifested in risky driving behaviors including speeding, following too closely, accelerating too rapidly, and in general, driving aggressively. Various studies have found a correlation between certain personality traits in young drivers (rebelliousness, risk taking, independence, and defiance of authority), deviant driving practices, and accidents and driving violations. Accident involvement has also been found to be related to drug and alcohol use and other delinquent behaviors. The most successful ways to reduce accident likelihood are to manipulate age requirements for driving and driving experience through laws and regulations. 3 figures and 34 references
Main Term(s): Juveniles
Index Term(s): Accident investigation; Auto related offenses; Controlled Substances; Driving Under the Influence (DUI); Offender profiles
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