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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 149537 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Helping Victims Through Fine Surcharges
Author(s): L Axon; B Hann
Date Published: 1994
Page Count: 177
Sponsoring Agency: Canada Department of Justice
Ottawa ON K1A 0H8, Canada
National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Publication Number: WD1994-11e
Sale Source: Canada Department of Justice
Justice Bldg. Kent St., at Wellington St.
Ottawa ON K1A 0H8,

National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Survey
Language: English
Country: Canada
Annotation: This study examines the experience of Ontario, Canada and other jurisdictions with Canada's legislation and regulation designed to generate revenue for victim services and programs and to provide a means for restitution through the establishment of a victim fine surcharge.
Abstract: The legislation took effect on July 31, 1989. In Ontario, the revenue generated by the Federal surcharge has declined dramatically, from $193,100 in the first eight months to $7,000 in the 11 months from April 1992 through February 1993. Only about 15 percent of the potential revenue was imposed in 1992, and only 2.7 percent was actually collected. About 10 percent of the counts had one or more surcharges attached. Surcharges were imposed on approximately one-fifth of the fines and less than 1 percent of the nonfine dispositions. More than 80 percent of all surcharges were imposed on crimes such as impaired driving, morals offenses, willful damages, and offenses against the administration of justice. Results suggested the need for further legal interpretation and guidance to prosecutors and judges, as well as regular reports regarding the use of surcharge revenue. A provincial surcharge should not be considered until the Federal surcharge is in full operation. Additional findings and recommendations, footnotes, tables, appended background information, and 11 references
Main Term(s): Victim compensation
Index Term(s): Fines; Foreign laws; Legislative impact; Ontario; Restitution
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