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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 149539 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Working Document: Hate-Motivated Violence
Author(s): G A Gilmour
Date Published: 1994
Page Count: 118
Sponsoring Agency: Canada Dept of Justice
Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0H8, Canada
National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Publication Number: WD1994-6e
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America

Canada Dept of Justice
Policy, Programs and Research Branch
Research and Statistics Section
Justice Building
Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0H8,
Document: PDF
Type: Legislation/Policy Analysis
Language: English
Country: Canada
Annotation: The study explores how the Canadian criminal code should combat racially motivated violence.
Abstract: The results are based on an analysis of legal periodicals, reports from international government and private agencies, newspapers, magazines, and foreign criminal codes. The report presents 13 legislative options for dealing with hate crimes; the options range from treating a hateful motivation (against a person's race, religion, ethnic background, etc.) as an aggravating factor or even creating a separate category for hate crime in the criminal code to legislating the collection of further statistical information on hate crime in Canada or ignoring the hateful motivation altogether. For each approach, advantages and disadvantages are listed. Arguments against creating a crime of hate-motivated violence include that the conduct is already covered by existing crimes and that it violates the fundamental principle of restraint in the use of criminal law. In addition, such a law would have little deterrent effect. However, the report argues that a separate crime category may well be justifiable to respond to the seriousness of the harm caused to the victim and to affirm Canada's commitment to combating racism and developing a multicultural society. 13 pages of bibliographical references.
Main Term(s): Victims of violent crime
Index Term(s): Canada; Crime specific law reform; Hate Crimes
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