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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 149600 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Controlling Cocaine: Supply Versus Demand Programs
Author(s): C P Rydell; S S Everingham
Date Published: 1994
Page Count: 143
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
Rand Corporation
Santa Monica, CA 90407-2138
Publication Number: ISBN 0-8330-1552-4
Sale Source: Rand Corporation
1776 Main Street
P.O. Box 2138
Santa Monica, CA 90407-2138
United States of America

National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Legislation/Policy Analysis
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: The authors present a model-based policy analysis of alternative methods for controlling cocaine use in the United States; the focus is on ways to intervene in supply and demand processes to mitigate the cocaine problem.
Abstract: The number of cocaine users in the United States peaked in the early 1980's at about 9 million and has gradually decreased to about 7 million in 1994. The downward trend in the total number of cocaine users, however, is misleading because a decline in the number of light users has masked an increase in the number of heavy users. Heavy users consume cocaine at a rate approximately eight times that of light users. The authors assess the cost-effectiveness of source country control, interdiction, domestic enforcement, and treatment interventions. They suggest that the focus shift from supply control to heavy user treatment and present four possible alternatives to current cocaine control policy: (1) decrease supply control budgets by 25 percent; (2) decrease supply control budgets by 25 percent and double treatment efforts; (3) decrease supply control budgets by 25 percent and treat 100 percent of heavy users; and (4) treat 100 percent of heavy users without changing supply control budgets. Additional information on cocaine supply, demand, and control is appended. 99 references, 49 tables, and 55 figures
Main Term(s): Drug Policy
Index Term(s): Cocaine; Crime prevention measures; Drug abuse; Drug prevention programs; Drug regulation; Drug treatment; Policy analysis
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