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NCJ Number: 149644 Find in a Library
Title: Juvenile Offending: Predicting Persistence and Determining the Cost-Effectiveness of Intervention
Author(s): C Coumarelos
Corporate Author: New South Wales Bureau of Crime Statistics and Research
Date Published: 1994
Page Count: 44
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
New South Wales Bureau of Crime Statistics and Research
Sydney NSW 2000, Australia
Publication Number: ISBN 0-7310-3667-0
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

New South Wales Bureau of Crime Statistics and Research
Level 8, St James Centre
111 Elizabeth Street
Sydney NSW 2000,

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Language: English
Country: Australia
Annotation: This Australian study attempts to identify the most cost-effective point to intervene in juvenile delinquent behaviors so as to reduce the likelihood of recidivism.
Abstract: The study analyzed recidivism patterns among a sample of 33,900 juvenile offenders brought before the New South Wales Children's Court between 1982 and 1986. The analysis was conducted in two parts. The first part examined whether it is possible to identify, in advance, those juveniles who are likely to reappear in court numerous times rather than just a few times. The second part attempts to identify the most cost-effective point in a juvenile criminal career at which to introduce strategies designed to reduce the likelihood of recidivism. Two findings from the analysis are of particular significance for the development of juvenile justice policy. Contrary to popular opinion, the majority of young offenders brought to court have only one contact with the juvenile justice system before apparently stopping their offending. The study also found that it is more cost- effective to intervene with a therapeutic regime after a juvenile has had several court appearances than at the first sign of delinquent behavior. The less effective an intervention is in reducing the rate of reappearance in court, the later it must be introduced to be cost-effective. 13 tables, 35 notes, and 33 references
Main Term(s): Juvenile Recidivism
Index Term(s): Foreign juvenile delinquency; Juvenile statistics; Recidivism prediction; Recidivism statistics
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