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NCJ Number: 149683 Find in a Library
Title: Special Education in Juvenile Corrections
Author(s): P E Leone; R B Rutherford Jr; C M Nelson
Date Published: 1991
Page Count: 31
Sponsoring Agency: Council for Exceptional Children
Reston, VA 22091
Publication Number: ISBN 0-86586-203-6
Sale Source: Council for Exceptional Children
1920 Association Drive
Reston, VA 22091
United States of America
Type: Issue Overview
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study highlights the fact that a large percentage of incarcerated juveniles have special learning, social, and emotional needs; practical suggestions are offered for providing effective special education services in these settings.
Abstract: A review of handicapping conditions among juvenile offenders notes that the most common handicapping conditions of juveniles in correctional facilities are mental retardation, learning disabilities, and behavioral disorders. A discussion of the probable causes for the overrepresentation of handicapped juveniles in correctional facilities argues that poorly developed social skills and lack of ability to comprehend questions and warnings increase the likelihood that disabled offenders will be committed to correctional facilities. A review of educational services in juvenile corrections finds that educational services are generally provided at detention centers, juvenile correctional institutions, schools, camps, and ranches. A section on the administrative arrangements and service providers indicates that teachers who work with incarcerated youth may be employed by the public schools, departments of social services, juvenile justice and corrections, or private agencies. Promising practices that support effective special education programs in juvenile correctional facilities include functional assessments, curricula, and instruction; transition services; and collaborative linkages among courts, schools, correctional facilities, and aftercare programs. Emerging trends include more placements in private facilities, intermediate sentencing, and larger numbers of serious offenders in juvenile facilities. Special education teachers must address dropout prevention, functional curricula, and advocacy support for disabled students at risk for adjudication. 35 references
Main Term(s): Juvenile correctional education
Index Term(s): Delinquents with Disabilities; Minors with Disabilities; Special needs offenders
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