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NCJ Number: 149700 Find in a Library
Title: They Shoot Horses, Don't They? Anabolic Steroids and Their Challenge to Law Enforcement
Journal: FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin  Volume:63  Issue:8  Dated:(August 1994)  Pages:1-6
Author(s): G Stejskal
Date Published: 1994
Page Count: 6
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF
Publisher: https://www.fbi.gov 
Type: Issue Overview
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This article reviews the history of steroid use and abuse, examines the black market operations targeted by undercover operation Equine, and provides guidance to law enforcement agencies for the prosecution of distributors of both real and counterfeit steroids.
Abstract: Steroids are a synthetic version of the male hormone testosterone. Anabolic refers to a substance that promotes growth. When taken internally, steroids will, in conjunction with weight training, promote extraordinary weight gain and muscular development. These characteristics make steroids attractive to participants in football, professional wrestling, track and field, swimming, and bodybuilding, as well as other activities that require muscular development for improved performance. Taken over a period of time, steroids can have detrimental effects on the body. Men may suffer from hypertension, sterility, female breast development, premature hair loss, infections, cysts, or other problems that result from multiple injections, and irreversible heart or liver damage. Steroid use also increases the risk of cancer. Because women, by nature, have little testosterone in their bodies, steroids pose an even greater threat to them. The illegal sale of anabolic steroids has been a felony under U.S. Federal law since 1988. Effective February 27, 1991, the law placed 27 anabolic steroids and their derivatives into Schedule III of the Controlled Substances Act. The manufacture and distribution of fake steroids are prosecuted federally under two statutes. One section of this article describes the operations of the steroid dealer arrested in undercover operation Equine, which led to the indictment of several Canadian suppliers. The article also notes the importance of investigators' learning to distinguish between steroid products and their accompanying testosterone derivatives because of the myriad of steroid products that contain various testosterone derivatives. A table shows steroid products and their testosterone derivatives. 15 notes
Main Term(s): Drug law enforcement
Index Term(s): Drug effects; Police policies and procedures; Steroids; Undercover activity
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