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NCJ Number: 149822 Find in a Library
Title: Psychological Aggression and Abuse in Marriage (From Family Violence: Prevention and Treatment, P 86-112, 1993, Robert L. Hampton, Thomas P. Gullotta, et al., eds. - See NCJ- 149818)
Author(s): C M Murphy; M Cascardi
Date Published: 1993
Page Count: 27
Sponsoring Agency: Sage Publications, Inc
Thousand Oaks, CA 91320
Sale Source: Sage Publications, Inc
2455 Teller Road
Thousand Oaks, CA 91320
United States of America
Type: Survey
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This chapter begins by differentiating between abuse and aggression within marriage; aggression is defined as a general type of behavior intended to produce injury or harm, while abuse is usually defined within interpersonal and social contexts characterized by power or dominance relations.
Abstract: The distinction between aggression and abuse is highlighted by the different research approaches taken toward each. The prototypical studies on relationship abuse involve in-depth, qualitative, or clinical interview studies with battered women, while studies using the relationship aggression approach obtain data from national representative surveys of U.S. households that are based on an objective checklist of aggressive behaviors. This article summarizes empirical research findings relating to the prevalence of psychological aggression in marriage, associations with physical aggression, other correlates and presumed causes, gender differences, and effects of abuse. The authors make several policy-related recommendations: continue to increase public awareness of family violence through education and focused media campaigns, develop and promote relationship enhancement and early intervention programs, and stress the role of psychologically abusive behavior and tactics of power and control in intervention programs with batterers. 1 table, 1 figure, 7 notes, and 79 references
Main Term(s): Victims of Crime
Index Term(s): Abusing spouses; Domestic assault prevention; Marital problems; Psychological victimization effects
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