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NCJ Number: 149856 Find in a Library
Title: White-Collar Crime: Prevalence, Trends, and Costs (From Critical Issues in Crime and Justice, P 77-90, 1994, Albert R Roberts, ed. -- See NCJ-149851)
Author(s): C F Wellford; B L Ingraham
Date Published: 1994
Page Count: 14
Sponsoring Agency: Sage Publications, Inc
Thousand Oaks, CA 91320
Sale Source: Sage Publications, Inc
2455 Teller Road
Thousand Oaks, CA 91320
United States of America
Type: Survey
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: White-collar crime is the term used by social scientists to describe crimes committed by businesses that are not usually the focus of law enforcement efforts, but the lack of a national white-collar crime reporting system hampers the ability to understand the phenomenon and to develop appropriate prevention and control strategies.
Abstract: Scholars agree that the definition of white-collar crime lacks precision and covers an extremely broad spectrum of illegal activities by both individuals and organizations. Drawing on their analysis and critique of existing definitions of white-collar crime, the authors propose a tripartite division of the concept into business and professional crimes, occupational crimes, and individual fraud. They note that the problem of counting white-collar crimes involves two issues: (1) selecting the types of statutory or regulatory violations to be included as white- collar crimes, and (2) determining how an included white- collar crime is to be operationalized. Steps in and benefits of developing a national white-collar crime reporting system are described, and costs associated with white-collar crimes are noted. 32 references and 6 notes
Main Term(s): Criminology
Index Term(s): Business crime costs; Crime Statistics; Fraud; White collar crime
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