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NCJ Number: 149858 Find in a Library
Title: Police Use of Excessive Force: Exploring Various Control Mechanisms (From Critical Issues in Crime and Justice, P 110-126, 1994, Albert R Roberts, ed. -- See NCJ- 149851)
Author(s): M Blumberg
Date Published: 1994
Page Count: 17
Sponsoring Agency: Sage Publications, Inc
Thousand Oaks, CA 91320
Sale Source: Sage Publications, Inc
2455 Teller Road
Thousand Oaks, CA 91320
United States of America
Type: Survey
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: The author defines what is meant by police use of excessive force, examines some of the limitations inherent in external controls, and explores the potential for controlling excessive police force by internal means.
Abstract: Police officers have the authority to use force in situations where it is necessary for self-defense, to lawfully arrest a suspect, or to prevent criminal activity. Excessive force is defined as exceeding the minimum amount needed to achieve a given objective. National data on the incidence of excessive police force are lacking, and the problem likely varies by police department. Several institutional mechanisms have been proposed to control excessive police force. External controls include criminal prosecution, civil litigation, civilian review boards, and municipal control. Internal police department controls may be more appropriate than external controls but require a firm commitment by police management that misconduct and brutality will not be tolerated. In addition, police recruits must be properly trained in how to deal with incidents in a manner that defuses the potential for violence. Proper supervision and discipline are also essential if excessive police force is to be prevented. The experiences of two cities, Los Angeles and Kansas City (Missouri), in implementing internal controls over excessive police force are reported. 27 references and 1 note
Main Term(s): Police Brutality
Index Term(s): California; Civil liability; Civilian Review Boards; Courts; Missouri; Police discipline; Police internal affairs; Police internal investigations; Police management; Police use of deadly force; Professional misconduct
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