skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 149870 Find in a Library
Title: Child Abuse, Adolescent Substance Abuse, and "Deadly Violence"
Journal: Journal of Adolescent Chemical Dependency  Volume:2  Issue:3/4  Dated:(1993)  Pages:131-141
Author(s): M Schiff; A A Cavaiola
Date Published: 1993
Page Count: 11
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study compares the violence characteristics of chemically dependent, abused juveniles with non-chemically dependent, nonabused youth.
Abstract: Sixty violently physically abused or sexually abused adolescents (ages 13 to 18 years) were selected from 150 documented cases. These adolescents were concurrently diagnosed as drug-dependent according to DSM-III-R criteria and had participated in an 8-week inpatient, chemical dependency program for adolescents. The first comparison group was composed of 60 nonabused, chemically dependent adolescents who were selected from the same inpatient program. These groups were compared to a group of non- chemically dependent, nonabused group of high school students randomly chosen from various high schools in central New Jersey. Subjects were matched for age, race, and gender. All subjects had completed a life-events questionnaire, which involved items pertaining to suicidal ideation, suicide attempts, homicidal ideation, and accidents. Violence characteristics were analyzed with the use of chi-square analyses. The difference was significant to the .001 level in all categories compared. Based upon the findings, the authors hypothesize that a history of physical or sexual abuse helps to catalyze identification with the perpetrator/aggressor, which creates tendencies for deadly violent actions in the victim. Destructive behaviors appear at rapid rates, even in early mid-adolescence. This hypothesis suggests the importance of early removal of children from abusive families where abusers are chemically dependent. 1 table and 34 references
Main Term(s): Juvenile victims
Index Term(s): Child abuse as delinquency factor; Juvenile drug abusers; Violence causes; Violent juvenile offenders
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.