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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 149886 Find in a Library
Title: Childhood Abuse, Body Image Disturbance, and Eating Disorders
Journal: Child Abuse and Neglect  Volume:18  Issue:8  Dated:(August 1994)  Pages:607-615
Author(s): K K Schaaf; T R McCanne
Date Published: 1994
Page Count: 9
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examined the relationships among childhood sexual and physical abuse, body image disturbance, and eating disorder symptomatology.
Abstract: Of 670 female college students screened for childhood abuse, 29 sexually abused, 32 physically abused, and 29 nonabused women completed measures of eating disorder symptoms. The study instruments administered to the subjects were the Childhood History Questionnaire, the Body Image Detection Device, the Bulimia Test, the Eating Disorder Inventory, and the Beck Depression Inventory. Contrary to previous reports, this study revealed no evidence that child sexual or physical abuse was associated with the development of body image disturbance. Neither did the results support the hypothesis that child sexual and physical abuse are related to eating disorder symptomatology. The study concludes that therapists cannot assume that sexual or physical abuse is related to body-image disturbance and eating disorders for the entire population of abused women. Rather, these relationships may exist for certain subgroups within this population or they may not exist at all. Study limitations are identified. 1 table and 31 references
Main Term(s): Child victims
Index Term(s): Child abuse; Child abuse detection; Child abuse treatment; Child Sexual Abuse; Psychological victimization effects
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