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NCJ Number: 149925 Find in a Library
Title: Juvenile Justice System
Journal: European Journal on Criminal Policy and Research  Volume:2  Issue:2  Dated:(1994)  Pages:complete issue
Editor(s): J Junger-Tas
Date Published: 1994
Page Count: 125
Type: Survey (Cross-Cultural)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: Netherlands
Annotation: These seven papers focus on the goals and operations of juvenile justice systems in the United States, England, Belgium, and the Netherlands, with emphasis on the shift from juvenile rehabilitation to retribution and its implications for juvenile justice.
Abstract: The papers were presented at an invitational conference held in June 1994 in the Netherlands to honor Josine Junger- Tas and to reflect on juvenile justice during the last 20 years. An editorial notes that the juvenile justice system is in danger despite the United Nations' Standard Minimum Rules for the Administration of Juvenile Justice and the Council of Europe's Recommendation on Social Reactions, both adopted in the mid-1980's. A paper on the United States juvenile justice system notes that both deterrence and treatment lack effectiveness in the United States and that other countries should not copy any part of the system. A British author argues that crime prevention offers more opportunities to address juvenile delinquency more effectively than does traditional juvenile justice with its policy of prosecution and incarceration. A Belgian author points out that the combined welfare and rehabilitative approach to juvenile delinquency has not really fulfilled its promise and that the concept of restorative justice might well be the solution. Two papers from the Netherlands focus on whether the juvenile court should be abolished, on how to maintain the juvenile justice system. Figures and reference lists
Main Term(s): Foreign juvenile justice systems
Index Term(s): Juvenile justice policies; Juvenile justice reform; US/foreign comparisons
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