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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 149926 Find in a Library
Title: Youth Justice: Crisis or Opportunity?
Journal: European Journal on Criminal Policy and Research  Volume:2  Issue:2  Dated:(1994)  Pages:9-25
Author(s): N Tutt
Date Published: 1994
Page Count: 17
Type: Survey
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: Netherlands
Annotation: This analysis of juvenile justice research during the last 20 years concludes that instead of reverting to failed policies of incarceration, decisionmakers need to implement systematic polices of juvenile delinquency prevention for the sake of the victim, the community, and the offender.
Abstract: Only a small proportion of youths are ever involved with the formal juvenile justice system. Juvenile delinquency prevention programs should be based on research findings related to neighborhood factors, institutions involved with youths, and situational factors in juvenile delinquency. Primary prevention strategies should focus on family income, employment, housing, health, recreation, and social services. Secondary prevention should provide specific strategies for high-risk groups. Tertiary prevention should be targeted to individual offenders to reduce recidivism. Despite public concern about law and order, sound management of the juvenile justice system and of individual youthful offenders should not be abandoned. Table on juvenile cautioning in England and Wales and 6 references
Main Term(s): Juvenile justice system
Index Term(s): Crime prevention planning; Foreign juvenile justice systems; Juvenile delinquency prevention; Juvenile justice reform; Wales
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