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NCJ Number: 149930 Find in a Library
Title: Will the Juvenile Justice System Survive?
Journal: European Journal on Criminal Policy and Research  Volume:2  Issue:2  Dated:(1994)  Pages:76-91
Author(s): J Junger-Tas
Date Published: 1994
Page Count: 16
Type: Survey
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: Netherlands
Annotation: This analysis of several trends that have led to the current crisis in juvenile justice concludes that although the system's survival is uncertain, it needs to be maintained to sustain the concern for children and their welfare, the faith in their potential to grow into responsible human beings, and the persistent efforts of so many juvenile justice practitioners to help achieve these goals.
Abstract: The juvenile justice system is threatened by the increasing disenchantment with the welfare and educational approach toward juvenile offenders and the growing predilection for a punitive approach. Recent trends that have produced the current crisis include provisions for due process, the transfer of juveniles to the adult system, the use of incarceration, and reduced age limits. Although some argue that the juvenile justice system should be abolished, many justifications exist for continuing to separate juveniles and adults in justice proceedings. By far the most important is the principle of resocialization. Nevertheless, effective juvenile justice reform depends on several factors. These include the continuing use of due process, control of diversion procedures, open court hearings for minors, and specialized prosecutors and judges. Table and 23 references
Main Term(s): Juvenile justice system
Index Term(s): Foreign juvenile justice systems; Juvenile justice reform
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